Advantages of PCT filing
• A single application in a single language filed in a single country called the international Application.
• This single application has the effect of filing simultaneously in different countries (designated countries).
Steps involved in PCT:
The PCT procedure includes:
2. International Search:
3. International Publication:
4. Supplementary International Search (optional):
5. International Preliminary Examination (optional):
6. National Phase:
Trademark Filing in Foreign Country
• The Madrid system provides one single procedure for the registration of trademarks in several territories.
• It is governed by two treaties, ‘the Madrid Agreement concerning the international registration of marks’ (briefly known as Madrid Agreement) and the ‘Protocol relating to the Madrid Agreement’ (briefly known as Madrid Protocol).
• These treaties are administered by the International Bureau (IB) of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) in Geneva, Switzerland.
The international registration of your mark is valid for 10 years. You can renew the registration at the end of each 10-year period directly with WIPO with effect in the designated Contracting Parties concerned.
Advantages of the Madrid system:
• One international application based on a basic application/registration
• One language (English, French or Spanish)
• One set of fees in one currency (CHF)
• One registration number and one renewal date
• The registration can be further extended geographically
• All subsequent changes to the international registration may be recorded with the IB and have effect through one single procedure
• Offices do not need to examine for formal requirements
Steps involved in Madrid System: International Trademark Registration Process:
Stage 1 – Application through your National or Regional IP Office.
Stage 2 – Formal examination by WIPO.
Stage 3 – Substantive examination by National or Regional IP Offices.
Design Filing in Foreign Country
WIPO's Hague System secure and manage international design protection simultaneously in multiple countries or regions through one application, in one language with one set of fees.
Process for International Registration (Hague System) of Design:
1) Filing of the application
2) Formal examination
3) Publication of the Design
4) Substantial Examination
5) Grant or Denial of Registration
Copyright Filing in Foreign Country
There is no such thing as an international copyright law. Nearly 180 countries have ratified a treaty of Berne Convention/ WIPO Copyright Treaty/ TRIPS that sets a minimum set of standards for the protection of the rights of the creators of copyrighted works around the world.